Cabbage Butterfly

Pieris rapae (Linnaeus, 1758)

Family: Pieridae

Status: Common resident

NENHP Ranking: Not listed

Range: The Cabbage Butterfly occupies all of the United States and much of Mexico and temperate Canada. It occurs statewide in Nebraska.

Broods/Flight Times: Multiple broods from spring to frost

Larval Hostplant(s): Various wild Crucifers – Tower Mustard (Arabis glabra), Winter, Hoary and Water Cress (Barbarea vulgarisCardaria draba and Nasturnium officinale), Tower, Indian, Black and Tumbling Mustards (Brassica junceaBnigra and Sisymbrium altissimum), Flixweed (Descurainia sophia), Dame’s Rocket (Hesperis matronalis), and Peppergrass (Lepidium densiflorum) are cited as well as some ornamental and agricultural species including cabbage and cauliflower.

Habitat: Equally at home in prairies, weedy areas and urban environments

Found at:

Overwintering: As pupae

Similar Species: Checkered, Spring and Western Whites

Notes: Initially a resident of Europe, this species was introduced into North America in about 1860.

Cabbage Butterfly, Kearney, Photo by Jonathan Nikkila
Cabbage Butterfly – dorsal

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