Pipevine Swallowtail

Battus philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)

Family: Papilionidae

Status: Breeding stray

NENHP Ranking: Not listed

Range: This is an overwintering resident in southeastern and southwestern United States, with strays ranging north to New York, Wisconsin, Nebraska and Utah. In Nebraska this species has been recorded from the southern half of the state.

Broods/Flight Times: Found in Nebraska from mid-May to early October

Larval Hostplant(s): Pipe Vines – (Aristolochia species). These plants do not normally survive winters this far north on a consistent basis, but with care some are nurtured as ornamentals.

Habitat: As a stray they may occur anywhere

Found at:

Overwintering: As pupae, although they cannot survive Nebraska winters.

Similar Species: Black Swallowtails and Red Spotted Purples

Notes: These butterflies are distasteful from chemicals they ingest as larvae from pipevines. They are mimicked in appearance by palatable Red Spotted Purples and Black Swallowtails. This species is abundant in the Ozarks region of Missouri.

Pipevine Swallowtail, Ansel Oommen,
Pipevine Swallowtail – dorsal
Pipevine Swallowtail – ventral

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