Aphrodite Fritillary

Argynnis aphrodite (Fabricius, 1787)

Family: Nymphalidae

Status: Occasional to common local resident

NENHP Ranking: S3, Tier 2

Range: With the exception of the westernmost states and provinces, this species occupies roughly the southern half of Canada and the northern half of the United States. In Nebraska is currently occupies the panhandle and has, in the past, been found scattered through much of the rest of the state.

Broods/Flight Times: There is one flight in Nebraska where it has been recorded from 11 May – 25 August.

Larval Hostplant(s): Various Violets have been documented, of which the Yellow Prairie Violet (Viola nuttallii) and Viola nephrophylla occur in the state.

Habitat: Western Nebraska populations frequent forested areas with scarps and ridges while eastern populations were more prairie oriented

Found at: Gilbert-Baker & Ponderosa SWMAs, Ash Hollow SHP, Wildcat Hills SRA

Overwintering: As newly hatched larvae

Similar Species:

Notes: This butterfly has been found in the state as two rather distinct subspecies. Western Nebraska populations are somewhat variable but appear to be closely aligned to the high plains subspecies manitoba. Subspecies alcestis (found north and east of the state) was apparently widespread in eastern Nebraska in the past but has not been recorded since Steve Spomer found one in Lancaster County in 1978.

Aphrodite Fritillary, Photo by Matthew Brust
Aphrodite Fritillary – dorsal
Aphrodite Fritillary – ventral

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